Welcome to Final Exit Network
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About Final Exit Network:
Final Exit Network is a registered non profit organization that operates throughout the United States. (We do not operate outside of the U.S., however you may go to the World Federation of Right to Die Society's website for international information.)
We believe in death with dignity and an individual's right to self determination. We are the only organization that publicly provides education on all end of life choices as well as a compassionate presence to those who are suffering from incurable diseases and have chosen to end their suffering. We do not put an artificial requirement for an individual to be certified as likely to die in six months. Suffering does not recognize that restriction and neither do we.
To ensure that the maximum amount of your money is used to alleviate suffering we operate virtually, conducting our administrative business as much as possible through technology. Outreach to individuals seeking information from us is done entirely through volunteers and almost all our travel is done for that exclusive purpose.
Final Exit Network is a national, nonprofit, 501 (c)(3) tax-exempt corporation.
Gifts and memberships to Final Exit Network are tax-deductible to the extent allowed by law.
Phone: (866) 654-9156
Final Exit Network Mailing Address:
Final Exit Network
P.O. Box 10071
Tallahassee, FL 32302
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WE ARE NOT A SUICIDE HOTLINE. IF YOU ARE EXPERIENCING A PERSONAL CRISIS,
PLEASE CALL THE NATIONAL SUICIDE HOTLINE NOW -
By calling 1-800-273-TALK (8255) you’ll be connected to a skilled, trained counselor
at a crisis center in your area, anytime 24/7; a live chat contact is also available.
Join our discussion
MONDAY, AUGUST 24, 2015
DAKOTA COUNTY COURTHOUSE
HASTINGS, Minnesota, August 24, 2015 — Final Exit Network was
sentenced to pay a $30,000 fine today for “assisting in a suicide” in connection
with the 2007 self-deliverance of a member.
Judge Christian Wilton sentenced the organization to the maximum fine.
Final Exit Network was convicted on May 14 of assisting in a suicide, a
felony punishable by a fine of $30,000, and of interfering with a body or the scene
of a death with the intent to mislead the coroner, a misdemeanor, which is
punishable by a fine of $3,000.
It had been previously reported many times that the maximum fine faced by
Final Exit Network was $33,000. However, during the sentencing hearing, the
State elected not to seek the separate $3,000 fine for the misdemeanor.
The State also sought the payment of $2,975.63 as “restitution” to the
family of Doreen Dunn, 57, as the “victims” of the “crime.” The amount
represented the sum spent by Mark Dunn, the decedent’s husband for her burial
and headstone. Testimony at the trial indicated Dunn had long-standing plans to
separate from his wife and move from their home. Ironically, his belongings were
in boxes on the day of her death, waiting to be moved out the next day.
While the Network might have objected to the payment of “restitution,” the
organization’s attorney, Robert Rivas, said to the court, “It is a family’s sacred
obligation to pay to bury their loved ones, but if Mr. Dunn doesn’t want to have to
pay for his wife’s burial, Final Exit Network will pay it for him.”
“We intend to vigorously appeal this for two reasons. One is the importance
of protecting all Americans’ free speech rights from encroachment by the
government, but the second is to continue our advocacy for competent adults to
have the right to make their own end-of-life decisions,” said Janis Landis, the
Network’s president, who attended the hearing. Gary Wederspahn, the newest FEN
board member, who happens to be from Hastings, Minnesota, also attended the
Judge Wilton put the Network on “probation” until the fine is paid, and the
Network would be legally prohibited from providing Exit Guide services while on
probation. Landis said the Network is unwilling to deny Exit Guide services to
those in Minnesota for any length of time, and the fine will therefore be paid
Why celebrate January 2 and the month of January?
When you plan your New Year's resolutions, go ahead and plan conversations with your family and friends about your - and their - end-of-life choices. This is one of the most important and life-changing resolutions that you can make.
And now you can talk with your doctor about your end-of-life choices. Plan to call your doctor in January and make an appointment for this important discussion.
As an organization, Final Exit Network is celebrating the 25th anniversary of the publishing of Final Exit, the book, which marked the beginning of the death with dignity movement within the United States
Turned down by commercial publishers, but still determined, Derek Humphriy self-published his ground-breaking book Final Exit. The book is in its third edition, has been published in many languages, is sold around the world, and has been on the New York Times bestseller list.
Derek Humphry was also one of the original founders of the Hemlock Society and then later one of the original founders of Final Exit Network. It is with great appreciation that we are honored to celebrate the month of January, beginning January 2, with celebrations aimed at furthering everyone's discussion of their own personal final wishes.
Talk with your family, talk with your friends - talk with your doctor. Initiate the discussion with your children and other family members. Ask them to consider their final wishes and discuss end-of-life issues with you - and their respective families. Discuss what your life has meant to you, to them, discuss the importance of a good death. The discussion alone opens many doors and may well become the impetus for many heartfelt family discussions.
We hope to make the month of January a month-long opportunity for all of us to further this important discussion. Please return to this site for more information as our plans progress.
Celebrate the Death with Dignity movement!
Talk with your family & friends, the discussion alone opens many doors and may well become the impetus for many heartfelt family discussions.
IRA Charitable Donations - Updated information
MEMBERSHIP: Join, Renew, or Donate
Want to add a bequest to FEN in your will?
October 10, 2016
Aid in Dying Movement Advances
By The New York Times Editorial Board
"Victories in the three jurisdictions would galvanize a movement that seeks to give terminally ill Americans a dignified alternative to the dismal choices they face in most of the country. In states where assisted dying is banned, some terminal patients manage to get a lethal dose of drugs...under the table, which exposes the health care workers to prosecution. Others are advised to starve themselves to death."
September 30, 2016
In spite of California's new law, few doctors are aiding the terminally ill with their EOL requests.
The Mercury News
By Tracy Seipel
By the time she located one, it was too late, and when Dale drew her final breath Tuesday morning, it was not the kind of death she — or her family — had envisioned.
“She did not want to die that way, too confused to say goodbye,’’ said daughter Catherine Dale, crying over the memory of her bedridden mother begging daily to know how much longer she would have to wait for “the die medicine.’’
September 23, 2016
Adult class canceled over discussion of critically ill people ending their lives
By Bill Roberts
The Boise School District’s Community Education program canceled a class this week for adults on ways critically ill people can end their lives because it would have discussed physician-assisted suicide.
Agusut 23, 2016
Columbia Journalism Review
By Corey Hutchins, CJR
Voters in Colorado will have a big decision to make: whether to approve an initiative that would allow terminally ill patients to obtain a prescription for drugs to end their lives.
But before then, news outlets in the state have a decision of their own to make: what language to use when describing the proposal.
September 9, 2016
Politics & Prejudices, The Right to Die Revisited
Detroit Metro Times
By Jack Lessenberry
Twenty years ago, Detroit was almost as famous for assisted suicide as it was for cars, thanks to Dr. Jack Kevorkian and his flamboyant attorney, Geoffrey Fieger.
Kevorkian wasn't the only doctor who thought hopelessly suffering patients who wanted out of their misery should have the right to ask a physician to help them die.
September 5, 2016
Canadians excluded from assisted dying law eager to join legal challenge. British Columbia Civil Liberties Association raised its goal of $75,000 for legal costs in just 10 days.
The Toronto Star
By Joan Bryden, The Canadian Press
OTTAWA Scores of suffering Canadians who have been excluded from the federal government restrictive eligibility criteria for medical assistance in dying are lining up to join a constitutional challenge to the new law.
The British Columbia Civil Liberties Association, which is spearheading the challenge, has been overwhelmed by scores of responses to its call for help in the case, says Grace Pastine, the association's director of litigation.
The BCCLA has also been stunned by the response to its crowdfunding campaign to pay for the looming legal battle, which so far features one plaintiff, Julia Lamb, a wheelchair-bound 25-year-old who suffers from spinal muscular atrophy, a degenerative disease that she fears will eventually consign her to years of intolerable suffering.
Just 10 days after announcing the constitutional challenge in late June, the BCCLA met its goal of raising $75,000.
"It is a testament to how important and deeply personal this issue is to so many Canadians," said Pastine.
But the BCCLA which spearheaded the four-year legal challenge that led to last year's landmark Supreme Court ruling striking down the ban on medically assisted dying will need a lot more donations to compete with the kind of money the federal government is evidently prepared to throw at the issue.
August 29, 2016
What would make you want to die?
A paper by Emily Rubin and her colleagues, just published in JAMA Internal Medicine, attempts to give statistical rigour to scientific hunches about end-of-life care. Over an eight-month period, beginning in July 2015, her team surveyed 180 patients who had been admitted to a hospital in Philadelphia suffering from serious illnesses, including lung and heart disease. All participants were over 60, and were asked by medical staff to hypothesise whether they would prefer to die than be in progressively worse vegetative states.
As the chart shows, half or more said that they would consider being incontinent, being unable to get out of bed or relying on a breathing machine to stay alive as fates worse than death.
August 26, 2016
Report from Death With Dignity National Center
By George Eighmey, President, Death with Dignity National Center
It wasn't even close. Moments ago, Riverside County Superior Court Judge Daniel A. Ottolia denied the request for an injunction filed by a group of anti-choice physicians against the California End of Life Option Act.
This means the newest Death with Dignity law remains in place and eligible terminally ill Californians can continue to assert control over how they die.
In denying the case, the judge decided that the law poses no threat to anyone, especially the doctors who filed the suit knowing full well they can opt out of the law at any time and for any reason.
While we count today?s ruling as a significant victory for all Californians and our movement overall, our work is not done. First, the plaintiffs will be filing an appeal. And, a similar lawsuit is pending
in Vermont, where the same shadowy anti-choice group that represented the California doctors is pushing their views with local physicians. We must -- and we will -- continue protecting the laws you fought so hard to pass.
August 14, 2016
ALS Patient Uses California's New Law with Great Difficulty
Op-Ed by Linda Van Zandt
Los Angeles Times
We would come to learn the law establishes a strict protocol to obtain the life-ending drugs. It takes a minimum of 15 days, and the countdown would start once a primary care doctor attested to my aunt’s mental fitness, her terminal condition, her desire and ability — on her own — to take the medication that would allow her to die. She had to sign a form stating her intentions, with two witnesses, one not related to her. A second doctor had to affirm the diagnosis and her mental fitness.
August 11, 2016
Terminally Ill Woman Holds Farewell Party before Using CA New Law
By Julie Watson, AP Reporter
In early July, Betsy Davis emailed her closest friends and relatives to invite them to a two-day party, telling them: "These circumstances are unlike any party you have attended before, requiring emotional stamina, centeredness and openness.
August 4, 2016
Medical Aid in Dying Bill Will Now be on Colorado Ballot
The Denver Post
A campaign to put a “medical aid in dying” measure on the November ballot in Colorado has turned in 160,000 voter signatures to the Secretary of State’s Office, well over the 98,000 required to get the measure on the ballot.
The “End of Life Options” measure would allow terminally ill Coloradans with six months or less to live to obtain a prescription to end their life. The drugs must be self-administered and be approved by two doctors who found the patient “mentally capable.”
The measure faces opposition from religious groups, including Catholic leaders, as well as a disability advocacy group that says an “assisted suicide” law could target people with disabilities because of their life-long medical costs.
July 27, 2016
Murder-Suicide for couple with no other options
An elderly, loving couple in Venice, California, described by a neighbor as "lifelong best friends" committed suicide together when the husband found he could no longer deal with his wife's advancing dementia. With no other choice, as the California EOL Act would not help his wife, they made a suicide pact to end their lives together.
July 22, 2016
Christian groups sue Vermont over physician-assisted suicide law
By Erin Mansfield of VT Digger
Two Christian groups are suing the state of Vermont over the physician-assisted suicide law the Legislature passed in 2013. Christian Medical and Dental Associations, Inc., based in Tennessee, is suing along with the Vermont Alliance for Ethical Healthcare, Inc. The two filed a civil suit in U.S. District Court in Rutland this week.
The defendants are the director of the Vermont Medical Practice Board, the members of the Vermont Medical Practice Board, the Secretary of State, and the Secretary of State's Office of Professional Regulation.
The lawsuit argues that Act 39 violates the First Amendment, which protects freedom of speech and religion, and the Fourteenth Amendment, which provides equal protection under the law.
The lawsuit also asks the court to say Act 39 violates the Vermont Constitution and Vermont?s Administrative Procedures Act; to pay all legal fees of the two organizations; and to permanently block Vermont's physician-assisted suicide law. A federal court ruling for the plaintiffs would nullify Vermonts physician-assisted suicide law.
July 21, 2016
Faith Leaves Minnesota
Revised video of a Final Exit Network member, Faith, who was forced to leave Minnesota to learn more about her end-of-life options. Minnesota courts have said that end-of-life counseling that includes peaceful self-deliverance is against Minnesota law. Final Exit Network is Appealing that decision.
July 10, 2016
CBC News in Montreal reported 7 July 2016:
More than 160 doctor-assisted deaths in Quebec since 2015
By Kate McGillivray, CBC News
Since Quebec's law allowing doctor-assisted death came into effect in December 2015, 253 Quebec patients have requested the procedure, and 166 have received it. Requests for doctor-assisted death are highest in all places with large numbers of end-of-life patients.
Dr. George L'Esprance, president of the AQDMD, a Quebec right-to-die group said, "The bulk of experts expected that between 50 and 100 people would ask for doctor-assisted death in the first year," said L'Esprance.
Still, he highlights that these 166 cases represent less than one percent of the deaths in Quebec during the same period.
July 5, 2016
New Final Exit, the book, addendum available
If you already have 'Final Exit' 3rd edn. in paperback, there is now a 2016 Addendum. Send $5 for print copy: ERGO, 24829 Norris Lane, Junction City, OR 97448
Or get the paperback plus Addendum for $23 incls of s/h
This Addendum is already included in the Ebook 2016 download version at
June 21, 2016
New York Passes Bill on Paliative Care
Last week both houses of the New York State Legislature passed legislation to ensure that professionals who can prescribe controlled substances receive continuing medical education on pain and palliative care every three years.
The legislation passed as part of an omnibus opioid bill (A.10727 Linda B. Rosenthal, D-Manhattan) / (S.8139 Terrence Murphy, R-Carmel). The bill requires that professionals licensed to prescribe controlled substances take a three-hour course covering pain management, palliative care and addiction, approved by the New York State Department of Health, every three years.
June 17, 2016
Doctors Have a Duty to Help, Great Britain
By Sophie Borland for the Daily Mail
Doctors have a "duty" to help their patients die and it should be a part of their jobs, according to the Queen?s former physician. Sir Richard Thompson is one of a growing number of eminent doctors who want assisted dying to be made legal.
Next Tuesday, the British Medical Association will vote for the first time in more than a decade on whether to stop opposing the controversial practice.
At their annual meeting in Belfast, more than 500 doctors will decide on whether to take the significant step of adopting a neutral stance as their official position on assisted dying. This would be a significant step because at present doctors' official position is that they oppose assisted dying.
Recent polls show that more and more doctors want to legalize the practice and would be prepared to help their patients end their lives.
Faith plans for her future, living with early onset dementia VIEW
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Explore the death with dignity through film movie list
Film list by Faye Girsh, President,
Hemlock Society of San Diego
Faye Girsh's Movie List
Hemlock of San Diego
Movies that explore the many facets of the topic of death and dying.
A sensitive award-winning Japanese film about a young man who stumbled across a job working as a Japanese ritual mortician. Shunned by his wife and friends for working with death, they changed their minds when they realize the beauty and dignity he brings to the dead and the comfort he provides their loved ones.
Harold and Maude
1971 dark comedy film classic: Harold, obsessed with death, meets the 79-year-old carefree Maude.
An Italian film about a young woman who helps people die.
What happens when her guidelines are violated? How does this occupation affect her life? Are there other “Honeys” around? Should there be?
How to Die in Oregon
How terminally ill persons, their family, and friends consider whether and when to take a lethal medication overdose as allowed in Oregon since 1997 and soon to be available in California through the End of Life Option Act. Winner of Sundance Film Festival Grand Jury Prize. Presented by the Hemlock Society of San Diego.
Based on the best-selling book by Dr. Atul Gawande, this documentary shows him meeting with colleagues and patients to discuss treatment choices at the end of life. Up-close and even better than the book!
The Farewell Party (Israel)
Residents of a retirement community figure out how to help their fellow retirees who are suffering a bad death.
La Grande Bouffe (The Big Feast)
In this 1973 award-winning French-Italian film with Marcello Mastroianni, four gourmet friends rent a chateau. If you ever thought about how it would be to eat yourself to death, this will amuse and entertain you.
A Final Promise
A boy helps his brother die and makes a vow to himself to end his own life at 37— until he falls in love with a woman with ALS who needs his help. Based on the novel, How Angel's Die, by British musician, Guy Blews.
A beautiful woman, a handsome charming magician who is also a quadriplegic—in a beautiful house with wonderful music. But he wants to die —and the court denies him. A love story with a bittersweet ending.
The Sea Inside - Xavier Barden
A Spanish film about a quadriplegic man who gets help to die from a Spanish RTD group.
One True Thing - Meryl Streep and Renee Zelwegger
Cancer patient dies from an overdose. Who did it?
Documentary of a doctor dying by stopping eating and drinking
A Short Stay in Switzerland
Fictional account of a true story of a doctor going to Dignitas to die
The Suicide Plan
Frontline account about Final Exit Network and other RTD activities
The Barbarian Invasions
Canadian fictional account of a disagreeable man who dies peacefully
Whose Life Is It Anyway? - Richard Dreyfuss
(Classic movie of a quadriplegic who wants treatment removed)
Grace Quigley - Katherine Hepburn and Nick Nolte
(Old lady finds a reluctant hit man to help her older friends die)
Amour (shown at a movie theater)
An older man caring for his wife who has repeated strokes
Right of Way - Bette Davis and Jimmy Stewart
An older couple want to die together despite daughter's protestations
Shaking Hands with Death
Speech given by British author, Terry Pratchett, about his dementia
You Don't Know Jack - Al Pacino and John Goodman
TV movie about Jack Kevorkian and his crusade to provide a peaceful death
Mademoiselle and the Doctor
80 year old healthy woman wants to die
The Suicide Tourist
Documentary about an ALS patient who goes to Dignitas