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About Final Exit Network:
Final Exit Network is a registered non profit organization that operates throughout the United States. (We do not operate outside of the U.S., however you may go to the World Federation of Right to Die Society's website for international information.)
We believe in death with dignity and an individual's right to self determination. We are the only organization that publicly provides education on all end of life choices as well as a compassionate presence to those who are suffering from incurable diseases and have chosen to end their suffering. We do not put an artificial requirement for an individual to be certified as likely to die in six months. Suffering does not recognize that restriction and neither do we.
To ensure that the maximum amount of your money is used to alleviate suffering we operate virtually, conducting our administrative business as much as possible through technology. Outreach to individuals seeking information from us is done entirely through volunteers and almost all our travel is done for that exclusive purpose.
Final Exit Network is a national, nonprofit, 501 (c)(3) tax-exempt corporation.
Gifts and memberships to Final Exit Network are tax-deductible to the extent allowed by law.
Phone: (866) 654-9156
Final Exit Network Mailing Address:
Final Exit Network
P.O. Box 10071
Tallahassee, FL 32302
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WE ARE NOT A SUICIDE HOTLINE. IF YOU ARE EXPERIENCING A PERSONAL CRISIS,
PLEASE CALL THE NATIONAL SUICIDE HOTLINE NOW -
By calling 1-800-273-TALK (8255) you’ll be connected to a skilled, trained counselor
at a crisis center in your area, anytime 24/7; a live chat contact is also available.
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Highlights of the trial in the case of Doreen Dunn, brought by the State of Minnesota against Final Exit Network, Inc.
Monday, May11: Ted Goodwin speaks from the Witness Stand
By Julia Hanway
HASTINGS, Minnesota, May 12, 2015
Tuesday was an eventful day for FEN in the Dakota County Court. Ted Goodwin was “compelled” to testify, ostensibly on behalf of the State. In reality, however, he gave an excellent review of the history and mission of Final Exit Network, the inception of the organization as it was derived from the original Hemlock Society and its philosophy of helping patients in incurable pain and suffering.
Highlights of his remarks concerned his views of the inner-workings of the FEN founders and their decisions and motivations. Among the things he was asked was about holding hands with the dying member as the exit progressed. Mr. Goodwin was clear concerning the belief that the guide is a compassionate presence and the belief by early FEN board members that holding hands was important if it was something the dying member wished as the dying process was taking place – a human touch at the time of dying. He emphasized the FEN philosophy that no one should ever have to die alone or die a traumatic death.
The compassion of the Network’s philosophy was emphasized over and over during Mr. Goodwin’s testimony. Not only was his testimony compelling in showing the value and commitment of members of the Network, but the audience heard nothing that would diminish the role of the Network or its Exit Guides. It was an outstanding review of the history, beliefs, and vision of Final Exit Network.
Mr. Goodwin was very clear that his view of holding hands down if necessary in case of a mishap with the helium bag, was a personal opinion, not shared by the board at the time, and in fact, the board had voted against any hand-holding for that purpose. He also made it clear that instructions on the intricacies of the mechanics of helium were to be found in Final Exit, the book by Derek Humphry, and that FEN always referred members to that book for information, and that the book and other materials were available online, in bookstores, and through ERGO – but not through Final Exit Network.
Mr. Goodwin’s testimony was followed by the testimony of the husband and son of Doreen Dunn, the member whose exit is the subject of this case.
Their testimony was also compelling, as sad as it was clear that Ms. Dunn had a terrible existence of pain and suffering with little left in her life or the hope of any future free of pain. The suffering she had experienced for 10 years was clear in her letter to FEN requesting Exit Guide services. She ended her letter saying she had given it “the good fight,” but she felt it was time to end her suffering. According to her husband and son's testimony, she was 57 when she died and had no hope of any recovery in spite of a new grandchild that was to be delivered a few days after her death; she had dropped below 100 pounds at one point, and lived on piles of pillows and heating pads as every touch brought her more unbearable pain as her body continued to deteriorate.
Today, Tuesday, May 12, 2015 – the jury and court will hear testimony from Ms. Dunn’s daughter, the police officer who responded to the death scene, and the coroner.
Friday, May 8
Our attorneys give us a little good news from the Dakota County Courthouse, Hastings, MN
Recap of the days events by Robert Rivas, Final Exit Network General Counsel
HASTINGS, Minnesota, May 8, 2015 --- Two of the four criminal charges pending against Final Exit Network, Inc. in Hastings, Minnesota were dismissed Friday morning.
Before the dismissal, the not-for-profit corporation was charged with two felonies: assisting in a "suicide," and "aiding and abetting" to assist in a "suicide"; and two "gross" misdemeanors, interfering with the scene of a death and "aiding and abetting" to interfere in the scene of a death.
Final Exit Network this week moved for Dakota County District Court Judge Christian Wilton to dismiss the two "aiding and abetting" counts. One of Final Exit Network's attorneys, Bill Sherry of nearby Apple Valley, argued that the "aiding and abetting" charges were an improper attempt by the state to charge Final Exit Network twice for each one of the two alleged crimes.
On Friday morning, after the judge and attorneys finished jury selection Thursday afternoon, the attorneys appeared before the judge for one last brief opportunity to argue about pending issues before the trial begins. The motion to dismiss the two "aiding and abetting" charges was expected to be argued, but at the last minute, the prosecutors announced they were finally persuaded that Final Exit Network's argument was correct: They asked the judge to dismiss the two "aiding and abetting" charges. He did so.
Final Exit Network is thus now charged with one felony, assisting in a "suicide," and one "gross" misdemeanor, interfering in the scene of a death, in connection with the self deliverance of Doreen Dunn, 57, of Apple Valley, on May 30, 2007. The trial begins at 9 a.m. Monday at the Dakota County Judicial Center, 1500 Highway 55, Hastings, Minnesota. The trial is expected to take three to five days.
Wednesday, May 6, 2015
By Robert Rivas, Final Exit Network General Counsel
HASTINGS, Minnesota, May 7, 2015 --- Just before 5 today the parties finished picking a jury in State of Minnesota v. Final Exit Network, Inc. The trial begins at 9 a.m. Monday.
The tedious jury selection process took from Monday through Thursday. Judge Christian Wilton of Dakota County District Court patiently invested an unusual length of time in screening the prospective jurors, applying procedures that are usually reserved for high-profile murder cases under the Minnesota rules of criminal procedure.
Judge Wilton did this in order to select a fair and impartial jury, given the emotional, religious, and political baggage inherent in "assisting in a suicide." Fifty-eight potential jurors were required to show up Monday morning to be considered as potential jurors. The judge and attorneys questioned 38 of them, calling them into the courtroom one at a time, before settling on a 12-member jury, plus two alternate jurors. Seven of the jurors are men, five are women. All are white except for one African-American woman.
"I have never seen a jury as well educated and as politically and religiously moderate," said Robert Rivas, the attorney for Final Exit Network, Inc. "We could not be more gratified with the success of this jury selection process."
Until the last minute, the defendants in the trial were expected to be Final Exit Network, Inc., the non-profit 501(c)(3) corporation that serves as an umbrella for Final Exit Network's nearly all-volunteer operations, and a former medical director, Dr. Lawrence Deems Egbert, 87, a retired anesthesiologist from Baltimore and former Johns Hopkins faculty member.
But the Dakota County District Attorney unexpectedly "severed" Dr. Egbert from Final Exit Network's trial, granted immunity from prosecution to Dr. Egbert, and subpoenaed him to testify as a State witness against Final Exit Network. Dr. Egbert is now expected to testify on Tuesday, May 12.
A former Final Exit Network president, Ted Goodwin, 68, of Punta Gorda, Florida, was also granted immunity from prosecution and has also been subpoenaed to testify on behalf of the State on Monday, the first day of the trial.
Having said for months that the trial was expected to take three or four weeks, the District Attorney's office prosecutors are now saying they expect the trial to be finished in less than one week.
Tuesday, May 5, 2015
Dakota County Courthouse, Hastings, Minnesota
On the first day of the procedures leading up to the trial, which should begin next Monday, a few significant events happened and a few that were very mundane. The jurors were given questionnaires that had been agreed upon over the last month by attorneys on both sides; after filling them out over the lunch hour, the Court’s staff frantically copied them before returning them to the Judge and attorneys about 1:30. That was the mundane.
During the span of time that the jurors were out of the courtroom, a few significant items arose: the Judge suggested a gag order on all the attorneys citing that excessive press may influence the jury. Final Exit Network’s counsel, Robert Rivas, vehemently argued against this, saying that the State Attorney has continually used his office’s press connections to use this case as a tool for his political benefit. Arguing that FEN should not be “gagged” while the State has had months of unencumbered opportunity to make its case in the press during the run-up to the trial. A decision has been delayed on this ruling and further arguments may be allowed, either today or later in the week.
The second substantial concern was questioning the need for particular witnesses to be called. Mr. Rivas argued that the State is producing a number of witnesses whose value is dubious and their only purpose in being called is for the State to use them to inflame passions in the jurors. Arguing that their appearance would not address any of the legalities in the case, Mr. Rivas argued very articulately the FEN position and the need to justify all witnesses as to their clear value in determining the legal issues at hand, rather than for clearly emotional purposes. Again, further arguments may be allowed, either today or later in the week.
There was one other discussion that was interesting. As all followers of FEN know, the protocols of the Network are clear: No one ever supplies or handles any apparatus that a member may use to hasten their death. It is and always has been clear that the Exit Guide is only there to be a compassionate presence. Many times during the progress of a case after a person has expressed their wish to have an Exit Guide assigned, the member is asked repeatedly if they are sure they want to exit, and they are not even considered by the Medical Committee unless all other reasonable health care alternatives have been exhausted.
During the discussion in court, the State continues to try to put on evidence that someone from FEN may have supplied helium tanks to Doreen Dunn. There is no evidence proposed by anyone to that effect, but the State continues to try to make that case.
More in next post . . .
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for giving to fund the Minnesota appeal:
You can give by sending a check to:
Final Exit Network
P.O. Box 10071
Tallahassee, FL 32302
Our online donation payment option. Note that your donation is for the Minnesota Appeal.
Click the button at left to proceed to donation page. Follow the instructions below for easy online donation.
On June 20, 2015, the Final Exit Network board voted to mount an appeal to reverse the recent Minnesota court decision.
We believe that our exit guide services, our belief that death with dignity is a personal choice, and that end-of-life education are all
protected by the first amendment of the United States. The first step for this appeal is through the Minnesota Court of Appeals.
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MONDAY, AUGUST 24, 2015
DAKOTA COUNTY COURTHOUSE
HASTINGS, Minnesota, August 24, 2015 — Final Exit Network was
sentenced to pay a $30,000 fine today for “assisting in a suicide” in connection
with the 2007 self-deliverance of a member.
Judge Christian Wilton sentenced the organization to the maximum fine.
Final Exit Network was convicted on May 14 of assisting in a suicide, a
felony punishable by a fine of $30,000, and of interfering with a body or the scene
of a death with the intent to mislead the coroner, a misdemeanor, which is
punishable by a fine of $3,000.
It had been previously reported many times that the maximum fine faced by
Final Exit Network was $33,000. However, during the sentencing hearing, the
State elected not to seek the separate $3,000 fine for the misdemeanor.
The State also sought the payment of $2,975.63 as “restitution” to the
family of Doreen Dunn, 57, as the “victims” of the “crime.” The amount
represented the sum spent by Mark Dunn, the decedent’s husband for her burial
and headstone. Testimony at the trial indicated Dunn had long-standing plans to
separate from his wife and move from their home. Ironically, his belongings were
in boxes on the day of her death, waiting to be moved out the next day.
While the Network might have objected to the payment of “restitution,” the
organization’s attorney, Robert Rivas, said to the court, “It is a family’s sacred
obligation to pay to bury their loved ones, but if Mr. Dunn doesn’t want to have to
pay for his wife’s burial, Final Exit Network will pay it for him.”
“We intend to vigorously appeal this for two reasons. One is the importance
of protecting all Americans’ free speech rights from encroachment by the
government, but the second is to continue our advocacy for competent adults to
have the right to make their own end-of-life decisions,” said Janis Landis, the
Network’s president, who attended the hearing. Gary Wederspahn, the newest FEN
board member, who happens to be from Hastings, Minnesota, also attended the
Judge Wilton put the Network on “probation” until the fine is paid, and the
Network would be legally prohibited from providing Exit Guide services while on
probation. Landis said the Network is unwilling to deny Exit Guide services to
those in Minnesota for any length of time, and the fine will therefore be paid
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